النتائج 1 إلى 6 من 6

الموضوع: معدات الوقاية الشخصية - e

  1. #1

    new معدات الوقاية الشخصية - e

    دورات الكهرباء والطاقة الشمسية المقدمة من المدرب المهندس فهد رفاعي:

    🔴• رابط كورس محركات مولدات

    https://www.udemy.com/course/dc-machines/?referralCode=1ED48909B4E899C75F7B

    🔴رابط كورس مولدات الديزل الاحتياطية والطواريء

    https://www.udemy.com/course/backuppower/?referralCode=4FE3F1901CB88565592D

    🔴رابط كورس المحولات

    https://www.udemy.com/course/transformers/?referralCode=9BC4E057DC3155D12900

    🔴• رابط كورس توليد الكهرباء

    https://www.udemy.com/course/electricity-generatin/?referralCode=F21C3555AEB345739B2E

    🔴• رابط كورس اساسيات الخلايا الشمسية

    https://www.udemy.com/course/101pvsolar/?referralCode=A10599DD30023F0B48A9

    🔴رابط كورس الانظمة الشمسية المتصلة بالشبكة

    https://www.udemy.com/course/pvsolar2/?referralCode=5CB93ADBDB342EADC3DF

    🔴• رابط كورس كهرباء المنازل

    https://www.udemy.com/course/homeelectrical/?referralCode=20B83657C140B0460C41

    🔴• رابط كورس التعريف بتخصص الهندسة الكهربائية

    https://www.udemy.com/course/101eleeng/?referralCode=A687E69B7A1908D546EE


    🔴رابط كورس محطات التحويل الكهربائية

    https://www.udemy.com/course/powerplant/?referralCode=DDC59253B2F4F6CD0FBC



    🔴للاشتراك في باقة التسعة كورسات جميعا بسعر مخفض تفضل من هنا

    https://fahraf1.com/products/8fc27d39-b638-4498-b575-ed04e6e67675

    Personal
    Protective Equipment
    PPE

    Procedures



    Continents
    Introduction
    Objectives
    1.when you will need to wear PPE
    2.what PPE you must wear
    3.how to wear and adjust your PPE
    4.the limitations of PPE
    5.the proper care , maintenance , useful life and disposal of PPE

    Eye and face protection
    a)Safe eyewear
    b)Prescription lenses
    Head protection
    a)Hard hats
    b)Classes of hard harts
    Hand protection
    a)gloves
    Foot protection
    a)Safety shoes and boots
    Hearing protection
    a)Earplugs
    b)Earmuffs
    c)Proper protection
    General body protection
    Respiratory protection
    a)Air purifying respirators
    b)Atmosphere supplying respiratory protection
    Restraints
    Other items of PPE
    Limitations of PPE
    a)Protection
    b)Inspection
    c)Maintenance
    d)Care and storage
    Summery


    Introduction

    Nearly tow million people are expected to receive disabling work related injuries this year. More than one fourth of these injuries will involve the head, eyes, hands, or feet.

    Personal protective equipment, or PPE, is designed to protect you from health & safety hazards that cannot practically be removed from your work environment. Personal protective equipment is designed to protect many parts of your body including eyes, face, head, hands, feet and ears.

    You will be trained in the following areas:

    1. when you will need to wear PPE
    2.what PPE you must wear
    3.how to wear and adjust your PPE
    4.the limitations of PPE
    5.the proper care , maintenance , useful life and disposal of PPE

    Once you have demonstrated an understanding of this training, your employer will verify your certification in written.

    Retraining will be performed if your employer believes you do not understand the training points described above or if the PPE you are wearing changes.









    Eye and face protection

    You should always use the correct eye and face protection if you work with:
    molten metal
    liquid chemicals
    hazardous gases
    flying particles
    injurious radiant energy

    Safe eyewear

    Safety glasses are the basic from of eye protection.
    I.Coverage from the front and the sides is now required any time there is a hazard from flying objects.
    II.Detachable side protectors are now acceptable.
    III. Types of eye and face protection include :
    1.safety glasses
    2.goggles
    3.face shields
    4.welding helmets
    5.full hoods
    IV.Safety glasses or goggles should be worn under face shields and welding helmets for added protection.
    V.Tined or shaded lenses may be needed to protect you from glare when working in a bright environment.
    VI.Tined or phototropic lenses can limit your vision when moving from a bright area to a dim area.
    VII.You need a specially numbered filtering lens to protect your eyes from welding or any other radiant energy. Check to see which lenses will best protect your eyes.
    VIII.To ensure that your eye protection is safe, identification of the manufacture must be listed on the items.


    Prescription lenses

    If you wear contact lenses, you may face additional hazards from dust or chemical.

    I.Dust caught underneath the lens can cause painful abrasions.
    II.Some chemicals can react with your contacts to cause permanent injury.
    III.Keep in mind that contact lenses are not considered protective devices. If eye hazards are present, you must wear eye protection in addition to or instead of contact lenses.

    If you wear prescription glasses, you must wear one of the following:

    Goggles and other protective devices designed to fit over your regular prescription glasses.
    Protective eye wear ground to your prescription.

    Head protection

    Head protection is required if you work where there is risk of injury from falling objects or if you work near exposed electrical conductors which could contact the head.

    The lifetime of the polyethylene is 5 tears from production date. The lifetime may be affected after 3 years if used outside in extreme circumstances. The recommended lifetime within MEMAC is in general 3 years with the restriction that the maximum guaranteed lifetime is not exceeded and the helmet is stored properly.

    The chinstrap should used as an accessory to avoid the helmet being off during windy condition or falling off whilst working at height.

    For working in restricted areas bump caps may be considered as being appropriate.

    Person carrying out welding or cutting in an area requiring head protection shall wear compatible combination of welding mask and helmet.
    Hard hats

    Hard hats are designed to protect you from impacts and penetration caused by objects hitting your head, and from limited electrical shock or burns.

    1.The shell of the hat is designed to absorb some of the impact.
    2.The suspension, which consists of the headband and strapping, is even more critical for absorbing impact. It must be adjusted to fit the wearer and to keep the shell a minimum distance of one inch above the wearers head.
    3.Hard hats are tested to withstand the impact of an eight pound weight dropped five feet that’s about the same as a tow pound hammer dropped 20 feet and landing on your head.
    4. Hard hats must also meet other requirements including weight, flammability and electrical insulation.

    Classes of hard hats

    Be sure to wear the right hard hat for the job. Hard hats come in three classes:

    Class – A hard hats are made from insulating material to protect you from falling objects and electric shock by voltages of up to 2,200 volts.
    Class –B hard hats are made from falling objects and electric shock by voltages of up to 20,000 volts.
    Class –c hard hats are designed to protect you from falling objects, but are not designed for use around live electrical wires or where corrosive substances are present

    Hand protection

    Fingers, hands and arms are injured more often than any other parts of the body. You must wear hand protection when you are exposed to hazards such as those from skin absorption of harmful substances, sever cuts or lacerations, sever abrasions, punctures, chemical; burns, thermal burns and harmful temperature extremes.

    Gloves

    Gloves are the most common protectors for the hands.
    I.When working with chemicals, gloves should be taped at the top, or folded with a cuff to keep liquids from running inside your gloves or onto your arm.
    II.Since there is no one glove material that protects against every chemical, manufacturer provides data to help your employer selects the right gloves for the chemical you work around.
    III.Leather or cotton knitted gloves is appropriate for handling most abrasive materials. Gloves reinforced with metal staples offer greater protection from sharp objects,
    IV.Do not wear metal reinforced gloves when working with electrical equipment.
    V.It is dangerous to wear gloves while working on moving machinery. Moving parts can easily pull your glove, hand and arm into the machine.
    VI.Your supervisor will instruct you on the best type of hand protection available for your job. Whatever gloves are selected, make sure they fit.

    To protect against contamination from radioactive material (from scale, sludge, and produced water that NORM naturally occurring radioactive materials) may be present within, gloves should be of an impervious PVC rubber material.



    Foot protection
    Foot injuries are most likely to occur:
    a)When heavy or sharp objects fall on your foot
    b)When something rolls over your foot
    c)When you step on an object that pierces the sole of your shoe.

    As with other safety gear, your footwear depends on the job you will be performing.

    Safety shoes and boots
    Safety shoes and boots are made with a steel reinforced box toe to protect your foot from being pierced or crushed. Many safety boots are now required to have puncture resistant soles.

    1.If you work around exposed electrical wires or connections, you’ll need to wear metal free non conductive shoes or boots.
    2. If you work in a static free environment, such as when working with computers or other electronic equipment, wear a conductive shoe designed to drain static charges into a mat or the floor.
    3.Rubber or synthetic footwear may be needed when working around chemicals.
    4.Avoid wearing leather shoes or boots when working with caustic chemicals because these substances can eat through the leather right to your foot.
    5.Foot guards and heel and ankle shields may be necessary for your particular work.
    6. Your company safety official will recommended the personal foot protection that is best for you.

    Hearing protection

    Hearing loss is a common workplace injury, all too often ignored because it usually happens gradually over a period of time.

    Workers may suffer permanent hearing loss because loud noises can be damaging without causing pain, hearing protection worn incorrectly can be almost as damaging as wearing no hearing protection at all.

    You need to protect your when:

    1.The sounds in your work area are irritating
    2.You need to raise your voice to be heard by someone closer than tow feet away.
    3.There are signs indicating hearing protection is required.
    4.Sound levels reach 85 decibels or for an 8 hour time period.
    5.There are short bursts of sound which can cause hearing damage.

    Earplugs

    Earplugs offer the most protection. Foam earplugs that fit snugly are the most effective. To insert properly:

    Roll the plug into a small diameter
    Place it well into the ear canal
    You may find it helpful to pull your ear back and up as you insert the plug.
    After you have inserted it, hold the plug in your ear for a few seconds to ensure a good fit.

    Earmuffs

    Earmuffs may also be used to protect your hearing. Earmuffs fit over the outside of the ear.

    Though they look like they would provide better protection than ear plugs, their effectiveness is actually limited by the seal they form around the ear.

    The cups on the earmuffs should be made of sponge to give good seal:

    Facial hair can decrease your protection by breaking the seal.
    Wearing earrings and eyeglasses with earmuffs can pose a similar problem.

    General body protection

    Protective clothing shall be worn to protect the body form hazards such as chemicals, liquids and vapor’s, heat, cold, electricity, impervious white coveralls shall be worn when dealing with contaminated equipment, materials, and waste with ( NORM ) naturally occurring radioactive materials.

    PVC aprons should be worn when protection against chemicals is required. Welders should wear leather aprons.

    Where a number of PPE are used together their compatibility in combination shall be considered to ensure they provide the required protection and do not create any new hazards which can significantly increase the potential for heat stress.

    Respiratory protection

    Respiratory protection is used, when necessary, in addition to the employment of other hazard control measures.
    Training in the correct use of equipment is particularly important where respiratory equipment is to be used.


    Respiratory protection falls into tow basic categories:
    1-Air purifying respirators:

    Air purifying respirators shall be worn by all personnel engaged in grit blasting, paint spraying or handling toxic products or NORM contaminated equipment / materials up to the identified contaminated level and hot or aggressive works which may emit airborne substances. This shall also apply to personnel in close proximity to those carrying out these tasks including a downwind position when out of doors.
    There are three types of air purifying respirator:

    1)Filtering face pieces (disposable).
    2)Half mask or full face respirators.
    3)Powered air purifying systems

    In all cases it is important that the filtering purifying device selected is suited to the particular type of contaminated to be remove from the air, in order to protect the user. Disposable filters shall not be used beyond working day.

    2-Atmosphere supplying respiratory protection:

    This includes breathing apparatus which may be self contained or which utilizes a supply line of breathing quality air.
    Breathing apparatus shall be used by personnel:

    a)When entering tanks or vessels which may be deficient in oxygen or contain poisonous vapors. However, all effort to get the atmosphere free of harmful gas must first be undertaken.
    b)During production well tests if there is free H2S.
    c)When taken samples, if H2S is likely to be present.
    d) In any other case where it is necessary to enter an area, which may not contain suitable breathing air.

    Note: No beards are allowed for personnel who have to enter potential H2S areas. It has been demonstrated that there is a significant loss of protection when facial hair prevents the mask making a good seal with the face. Moustaches are allowed as long as there is no facial hair at the seal of the breathing apparatus.
    Restraints

    The purpose of a restraint is to minimize the risk of physical injury should the wearer fall. At the same time they should not hamper the wearer any more than is necessary.

    Wherever practicable, a safety harness and line shall be worn when working more than tow meters above a floor / level / or the ground and there is potential to fall without restraint.

    This includes during erection / dismantling of scaffolding. Where not practicable to attach a restraint at the fixed end, further consideration shall be given to other hazard control measures and / or a job hazard analysis carried out.

    Other items of PPE

    The above range of types of PPE is not exhaustive. Additional items or alternative specification may be needed for particular location or activities.
    Other types of PPE include special items associated with fire fighting or for handling naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM).
    However, these items shall also be subject to the same approval procedure as well as other requirements of this section of the HSE manual.

    Approved PPE

    All PPE products to be used, whether standard items held in stock or special items for a particular task shall subject to the same procedure requiring HSE department approval.

    Approved PPE specifications shall consider health & safety matters only.
    Where possible, existing approved items on the approved PPE should be used.

    Where this is not possible procurement department will seek HSE department approval to introduce a new item on the approved PPE list.

    Proper protection

    To ensure the proper degree of protection, earplugs and earmuffs may have to be worn together. This is especially true in an extremely noisy work environment.

    Keep in mind that when using hearing protection to block out damaging noises, you may also be blocking out sounds you need to hear such as voices and alarms.

    Alarms should be accompanied by flashing red lights. You may also need to devise hand signals to communicate safely with co workers.

    Limitations of PPE

    You should know the limitations of your PPE. It won’t protect you from everything. Find out the limitations of your equipment. For example, your gloves may protect you from the chemicals you work with, but may dissolve if they come into contact with chemicals used in the shop next door.

    Inspection

    Ear muffs with cracked, cut or missing gaskets reduce your protection.
    Dirty or scratched eyewear could limit your vision
    Periodically, check the suspension of your hard hat. Look for loose or torn cradle straps, loose rivets, broken sewing lines or other defected.
    Replace your hard hat at least every tow to five years, or after a major impact.
    PPE must fit properly to protect you. If you are not wearing the right size shoe, you may be in danger more from tripping than you would from any other hazard

    Maintenance

    PPE must be maintained properly.

    Learn how to clean and sanitize your equipment. Earplugs, for example, may keep your ears safe from damaging noise, but may cause an infection if inserted with dirty hands.

    Care and storage

    Knowing how to store your equipment is just as important. For example, rubber boots could easily be punctured if left where they could be stepped on by other.
    If your equipment is damaged, know how to repair it or when to replace it.
    If you work with chemicals and your rubber boots or gloves are punctured or torn, don’t repair them; throw them out.
    No repair you could make would provide you with enough protection.

    Summary

    It is your employer’s responsibility to teach you what personal protective equipment you need. However, it is your responsibility to wear it. No one can use it for you.

    PPE must be used correctly to protect you.
    PPE is designed for your benefit. For your sake, and for those who love you and need you, learn how to use PPE but most importantly use it.

    OSHA STANDARD
    أحمد خير محمود السعدي
    مدرب دولي متقدم في تنمية الموارد البشرية
    استشاري في ادارة المخاطر والكوارث و السلامة المهنية
    ahmadsafety@yahoo.com
    00963 11 2744771
    00963 9333 80678

    السلامة المهنية رسالة وسلوك وحضارة

  2. #2

    افتراضي

    merciiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii
    hygiène ,sécurité industrielle et environnement
    H S E

  3. #3

    افتراضي

    The important thing how we make the employees a full awareness with PPE , some people they know the objective of PPE but they dont use

  4. #4

  5. #5

  6. #6

    افتراضي

    السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاتة
    اخواني المهندسي تحية طيبة وبعد ارغب في انشاء مصنع في السعودية يكون انتاج المصنع معدات السلامة الشخصية ونتاجة كالتالي الخوذة helmet ونظارات Safety glasses وسدادة الأذنين واحتاج شراء المكينات واحتاج من سعادتكم ان تفيدوني بحكم خبرتكم في هذا المجال علي بعض المعلومات الأساسية وكيفية اختيار المكينات ومن اي شركة اقوم بشراء المكينات وماهي العوامل الأساسية التي تئخذ بعين الأعتبار في انشاء مصنع للمعدات السلامة الشخصية أفيدونا فضلاً وليس امراً .
    وتقبلو تحياتي وشكري لكم والي جميع المهندسين
    عبدالله كردي
    للتواصل / الأميل runway27@hotmail.com

المفضلات

ضوابط المشاركة

  • لا تستطيع إضافة مواضيع جديدة
  • لا تستطيع الرد على المواضيع
  • لا تستطيع إرفاق ملفات
  • لا تستطيع تعديل مشاركاتك
  •  

https://fahraf1.com/wp

https://electricstuffs.com

http://www.tkne.net/vb/announcement.php?f=2